Monday, May 25, 2020

Aquaponics as an Alternative to Conventional Agriculture...

The greatest 21st-century challenge that humanity will face is not terrorism, disease, or warfare. It is not solely an issue of politics, inequality, or climate change. Instead, it is the kindling that fuels and exacerbates all other issues. Our greatest challenge is one of demography. The problem is that we exist, or rather, that too many of us do, and that we are running out of ways to feed ourselves. The most pressing issue we must decide how to handle, in the face of booming population, is how to deal with our current agricultural system. This paper will present the most damaging side-effects of conventional agriculture and will show how aquaponics, a nearly entirely self-sustaining agricultural system, addresses these impacts.†¦show more content†¦Inefficient irrigation techniques allow most of the water provided to crops to evaporate or to miss crop roots entirely as it seeps underground. Despite the wasteful ways with which we treat water, a quarter of the worldâ€⠄¢s people face water shortages (Watkins et al. 2006). This proportion will only continue to grow, particularly in the Middle East and Northern Africa (Bureau and Strobl 2012). Another alarming issue is the rate with which we are losing our rain forests. At the current rate of deforestation, rain forests could be nonexistant in one hundred years. We need to preserve rainforests because they act as protectors of biodiversity. Even though they cover only 2% of the Earth’s surface area, they are home to over 50% of our species. Furthermore, rainforests play many other critical roles by keeping our environment balanced. Trees protect soil against erosion, perpetuate the water cycle, and act as â€Å"carbon sinks† for the atmosphere (Slattery 2012). Cutting down trees means releasing that stored CO2 and speeding up climate change. Still, behind 80% of deforestation is modern commercial agriculture (Kissinger et al. 2012). Sensitive rain forests are cleared to make land for crops, with devastating results on the stability of the ecosystem. Consequently, deforestation and other activities related to food production, such as fertilizer application, ac count for almost all of our land CO2 emissions,Show MoreRelatedVertical And Vertical Types Of Vertical Farming1667 Words   |  7 PagesVertical Farms- Vertical farming is a component of urban agriculture and is the practice of producing food in vertically stacked layers or vertically inclined surfaces. Advantages of Vertical Farming Minimum Input – Maximum Output Vertical Farming is a revolutionary approach to producing high quantities of nutritious and quality fresh food all year round, without relying on skilled labour, favourable weather, high soil fertility or high water usage. Vertical Farm Systems growing cycles are consistentRead MoreAgricultural Science Sba12288 Words   |  50 Pagesnavigation, search | Agriculture | General | * Agribusiness * Agricultural science * Agroforestry * Agronomy * Animal husbandry * Extensive farming * Factory farming * Farm * Free range * Industrial agriculture * Mechanised agriculture * Ministries * Intensive farming * Organic farming * Permaculture * Stock-free agriculture * Sustainable agriculture * Universities * Urban agriculture | History | * History of agriculture * History of organic farmingRead MoreAn Introduction to Hydrophonics and Controlled Environment Agriculture40110 Words   |  161 PagesIntroduction to Hydroponics and Controlled Environment Agriculture by Patricia A. Rorabaugh, Ph.D. University of Arizona Controlled Environment Agriculture Center 1951 E. Roger Road Tucson, AZ 85719 Revised December, 2012 TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER 1: Controlled Environment Agriculture and Hydroponics: Past, Present and Future The Plant How to grow greenhouse crops Plant Protection: Insects and Diseases Basic Principals of Hydroponics Transplant Production Pollination, Fertilization and Bee

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Capital Punishment On Trial Furman V. Georgia And The...

In David M. Oshinsky’s book, Capital Punishment on Trial: Furman v. Georgia and the Death Penalty in Modern America, he discussed the case of Furman v. Georgia. He explores the controversy that capital punishment holds in the United States of America. The death penalty has been in practice for many centuries. For example, â€Å"In Massachusetts, where religion had played a key role in settlement, crimes like blasphemy, witchcraft, sodomy, adultery, and incest became capital offenses, through juries sometimes hesitated to convict† (Oshinsky, 2010). For the punishment of death these offenses do not fit the crime. However, capital punishment at this time was rarely criticized. The death penalty demanded many executions including public ones. Many of these were hangings and were public events. After the American Revolution the death penalty began to be questioned. For example, Benjamin Rush stated, â€Å"Capital punishments are the offspring of monarchial governments. King s believe that they possess their crowns by a divine right. They assume the divine power of taking away human life† (Oshinsky, 2010). By the 1840’s there were organized groups opposing the death penalty such as the Society for the Abolition of Capital Punishment. Within the coming years, the support for capital punishment fluctuated. Throughout the book, Oshinsky explores the many cases leading up to the Furman v. Georgia decision. Throughout the book Oshinsky talks about several different cases involving the deathShow MoreRelatedThe Death Penalty1347 Words   |  6 PagesThe concept of the death penalty has been around since the 1700’s B.C. where it was first defined in the Code of Hammurabi (Historical Timeline). Since then, the death penalty has morphed and changed. In 1608 A.D., Captain George Kendall in the Jamestown colony of Virginia was hanged for treason (Historical Timeline). This became the first execution recorded in America (Historical Timeline). Af ter this moment in history, people have debated the concept of the death and if it is truly constitutionalRead MoreTaking a Look at Capital Punishment1004 Words   |  4 PagesWilliam Furman murdered William Micke on August 11, 1967 in Savannah, Georgia. Furman was unemployed, and only had a sixth grade education. William Furman became depressed, and started to commit theft for food and money. Furman was caught stealing several times, but was only given a light sentence. At 2 a.m. on August 11, William Furman broke into the house of William Micke, while Micke and his five children were sleeping. William Micke heard a noise and went downstairs to see where the noiseRead MoreThe Debate Of Capital Punishment1313 Words   |  6 PagesCapital Punishment Introduction The state of California has carried out 13 executions since the enactment of capital punishment in 1992 (NAACP, 2016, 10). According to the NAACP winter quarterly report, there are currently 743 prisoners on death row (NAACP, 2016, 39). Since the enactment, there has been a wide range of political debate. The largest concern is in regards to the number of wrongful convictions and its philosophical underpinnings. The citizens in California are as diverse as theirRead MoreHistorical Developments Surrounding Capital Punishment2105 Words   |  9 PagesAs the impending trial of Dzhokhar Tsarnev looms near, the constitutionality of the death penalty will once again come to the forefront of all legal and legislative discussion. Since the reinstatement of the federal death penalty in 1988 (while state executions were reinstated after Gregg v Georgia in 1978) only three individuals have been executed for violating federal law (â€Å"† 2014), but with multiple sta tes still permitting the application of the death penalty in state relatedRead More Capital Punishment Essay: Just Say No1095 Words   |  5 PagesCapital Punishment: Just Say No      Ã‚  This essay will show that the United States is on an execution rampage. Since capital punishment was reinstated by the Supreme Court in the 1976 Gregg v. Georgia decision(Gregg), more than 525 men and women have been put to death by the state. More than 150 of these executions have taken place since 1996. 3,500 people are on death row today, awaiting their turn with the executioner. Capital punishment has existed throughout most of the course of our nationsRead MoreSentencing Guilty Verdict1067 Words   |  4 PagesI. Introduction Sentencing is defined as the penalty phase which follows a guilty verdict levied for a criminal act (The Free Dictionary, 2014). Sentencing attempts to accomplish four goals: a. Punishment b. Incapacitation c. Deterrence d. Rehabilitation (Renter, 2008) When imposing legal sanctions we must consider the criminal act committed. The importance of this consideration lies in fact that the punishment should fit the crime. We would not want to sentence a child to life imprisonment forRead MoreCapital Punishment During The Colonial Era1165 Words   |  5 Pages The public opinion within the United States on capital punishment has fluctuated since its early establishment during the colonial era. The debate about the use of capital punishment has been shaped by factors such as class, gender, age but most importantly race. During the colonial era, Britain was the biggest influence on America when it came to utilizing the death penalty. The death penalty was used for minor offenses such as stealing, killing animals, and trading with Indians. As the late 1700sRead MoreCapital punishments should not be banned; people believe capital punishment is unconstitutional,900 Words   |  4 PagesCapital punishments should not be banned; people believe capital punishment is unconstitutional, that the person on death row actually committed a crime that put them there. There are complaints about the money put out for capital punishment and some think that the death penalty sends the wrong message or that our government is broken. Even though people believe capital punishment should be banned, it should not be banned due to multiple reasons. In the United States, capital punishment (also knownRead Morefurman v. georgia1844 Words   |  8 Pagesï » ¿THE DEATH PENALTY The death penalty or capital punishment has been part of our humanity for years and years. Existed since ancient times, according to people a person who has committed an atrocious act, was sentence to death penalty or capital punishment. The death penalty begins back in the 18th century B.C. in the code of king Hammaurabi of Baylon; who was accused of committing 25 crimes. In years past, the punishments where more crucial then today, the execution procedures had no boundariesRead MoreThe Case Of Ehrlich Coker798 Words   |  4 PagesOn December 5, 1971, Ehrlich Coker was to have allegedly raped and stabbed a young woman to death. Less than a year later, he kidnapped and raped a sixteen year old female. There was an additional victim in which he tortured the young woman and abandoned her in a wooded area. After his apprehension, Mr. Coker pled guilty to the offenses. â€Å" He was sentenced by three separate courts to three life terms, two 20-year terms, and one 8-year term of imp risonment† (Brody Acker, 2010, p. 57). While Mr

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Breast Cancer is All Over the World - 1298 Words

Breast Cancer is all over the world. It doesn’t just affect older women, it affects young women and men. Breast Cancer is a cancerous tumor that has developed within the cells of the breast. The most ordinary area in the breast for breast cancer to develop is the ducts, and less ordinary in the lobules of the breast. The cancerous cells can intrude healthy breast tissue over time, or cells can break off from the tumor and travel to the lymph nodes and into the lymphatic system which could take them to other parts of the body (â€Å"Breast Cancer-Woman’s†). Breast caner appears in the milk-producing glands of the breast tissue. Groups of glands in normal breast tissue are called lobules. The products of these glands are secreted into a†¦show more content†¦You may experience side effects or complications from cancer treatment. For example, radiation therapy may cause temporary swelling of the breast, and aches and pains around the area. Lymphedema may st art six to eight weeks after surgery or after radiation treatment for cancer. It can also start slowly after cancer treatment is over. You may not notice symptoms until eighteen to twenty-four months after treatment. Sometimes it can take a year to develop (â€Å"Breast Cancer-NY Times†). The longer a woman waits to have her first full-term pregnancy, the greater her breast cancer risk is. Her breast tissue does not mature into cancer-resistant until the last months of a full-term pregnancy. A delayed first full-term pregnancy increase her risk because it extends the length of time during which her breasts remain susceptible to carcinogens. Because American women already force a high risk, they raise even a small percentage through the procurement (â€Å"Breast Cancer-Book†). There are various treatments used to combat breast cancer. Some are surgery, Radiotherapy, Chemotherapy, Hormone Therapy, and Biological Therapy. Which those are not all of the treatments. Surgery is to remove the malignant tumor from the breast. Radiotherapy is a treatment that uses drugs to kill cancer cells. Hormone therapy is used to lower the levels of estrogen and progesterone and block the effects of these hormones. Biological therapy uses laboratory made antibodiesShow MoreRelatedBreast Cancer Among Women 1457 Words   |  6 PagesBreast cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the tissue of the breast and spread to the surrounding area of the breast. This cancer most normally begins from the inner lobules of the breast, which are called the ducts and is better known as the part of the breast that makes milk. After a woman develops cancer, she is tested to determine what type of cancer she has and which treatment is best for her. Some treatments for cancer are surgery, hormonal therapy, immunotherapy and radiation. In theRead MoreTwentieth Century is the Cancer Century1801 Words   |  7 Pagestwentieth century has often been called the cancer century. This is bec ause more than a hundred types of cancer have been discovered in this century, and secondly, because enormous medical efforts have been made to fight all kinds of cancer throughout the world. In the early decades of the twentieth century, cancer was considered to be a fatal disease. Although some cancers are still fatal, medical therapy has developed significantly over the years so that most cancers can be treated and cured. After decadesRead MoreCell Signaling Essay1583 Words   |  7 PagesSignaling Over the past semester in cell biology, determining protein structure and functions of gene sequences have been some important discussions in class. On this discussion, many people will agree that the defects from the protein structure and gene sequences such as cell-signaling are the main factors of human disease. When it comes to the topic of human disease breast cancer and sickle cell anemia have been the most prevalent. The importance of these topics in reference to breast cancer and sickleRead MoreThe Issues of Breast Cancer in Nigeria Essay1552 Words   |  7 Pages‘mild breast lumps.’ It is an ailment that could lead to breast cancer. We are happy to see women respond to our awareness programs.† said Dr. Rosa Phil (1). In her article, Dr. Phil commends Mrs. Anyanwu for taking action against breast cancer as she recommends all women do the same. The issue of breast cancer is fast becoming a major one. There is a huge hole to be filled in the area of breast cancer awareness in Nigeria. An article posted in the ‘The Daily Trust’ titled, â€Å"Breast Cancer amongstRead MoreCancer : A Type Of Disease1203 Words   |  5 PagesResearch Paper: Cancer Cancer, is a type of disease that involves abnormal cell growth and has the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body. Not all tumors are cancerous, there is one type that is not cancerous; benign tumors (which do not spread to other parts of the body). Possible signs and symptoms include: a distinct lump, a lengthened cough, irregular bleeding, unexplained weight loss, a difference in bowel movements, and many others. While these symptoms may cause cancer, they mayRead MoreBreast Cancer Awareness1695 Words   |  7 PagesThesis Statement: While both women and men can also get the breast cancer disease there is a cure with awareness to breast cancer. I. Breast Cancer and Who It Attacks A) What Is the Disease and Who It Affects 1. Disease which is a malignant cancer 2. Cells forms within the tissue of the breast 3. Victims are shocked 4. Both men and women get this disease 5. Women will be diagnosed more than men II. Common Risks Factors For Breast Cancer A) This Disease Can Be Caused By 1. One’s diet and lifestyle Read MoreBreast Cancer : Cancer And Cancer1714 Words   |  7 PagesBreast Cancer The twentieth century has often been called and known as the cancer century. The reason being is that throughout the century, there have been more than a hundred types of cancer discovered across the world. In addition to the discovery of these many cancers, there has been an enormous medical effort to fight all kinds of cancer across the world. In the early decades of the century, cancer was considered to be a fatal disease, resulting in a high number of deaths. Although manyRead MoreBreast Cancer; Saving the Girls 959 Words   |  4 PagesBreast cancer is the second most prominent cause of cancer deaths in women. About 1 in 8 American women living in the U.S. will be diagnosed with invasive breast cancer sometime during the course of their life. About 39,620 of those women will die from it. â€Å"Breast cancer occurs when cells in the breast divide and grow without their normal control† (Komen). There are two main types of breast cancer. Ductal carcinoma, the most common type which starts in the tubes that transport milk from the breastRead MoreBreast Cancer : Cancer And Cancer Essay1711 Words   |  7 Pagesacknowledge the health beings of a women is quite scary knowing that in about 1 in 8 women in the U.S will develop breast cancer. By this year of 2016 going into 2017 there will approximately be 246,660 cases found. The 20th century is described to be the cancer century. One main cancer I wanted to talk about that has my full attention was breast cancer. The important ways of looking at breast cancer as a tremendous problem is because we are losing our women to this disease. Categorizing the main issues toRead MoreBreast Cancer : The Cancer Essay1722 Words   |  7 Pagesacknowledge the health beings of a women is quite scary knowing that in about 1 in 8 wo men in the U.S will develop breast cancer. By this year of 2016 going into 2017 there will approximately be 246,660 cases found. The 20th century is described to be the cancer century. One main cancer I wanted to talk about that has my full attention was breast cancer. The important ways of looking at breast cancer as a tremendous problem is because we are losing our women to this disease. Categorizing the main issues to

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Multinationals Global Headquarters

Questions: 1.What is the name of the multinational, the number of employees in and out of Australia and global headquarters?2.What are the regulatory framework/s affecting the multinational company?3.What are the treaties, conventions or agreements that have impacted on the products or services that multinational company provides in Australia? Answers: 1. This is an Anglo- Australian multinational company that deals with minerals, metals and petroleum products and is headquartered in Melbourne, Australia. In 2015, it was valued and measured as one of the biggest measured by market value terms. In revenue collection it is the fourth largest company in Australia mainly behind financial and banking sector companies. It operates in the industrial and mineral sector. It was created in 2001 when the merger between BHP an Australian Limited Company and Billiton plc was effected. It is also one of the largest companies in Australia by market capitalization. The two companies that merged were initially founded in the 1880s and therefore do have a rich history in mineral and petroleum excavation (Blackstone and Morrison, 2001). Billiton plc was founded and incorporated in 1860 while BHP was founded in 1885. The company share is listed in the London Stock Exchange and is also among the most traded in the FTSE 100. BHP Billiton has a corporate headquarters located at the CBD Melbourne at 171 Collins Street in Australia. The companies had seen considerable growth in the 90s. After merging, they combined their resources and expanded their mines from the usual mines in Europe and Australia and went global. They acquired mines and ores in South America, Asia and South Africa. The company has gone on to make many more subsidiaries. In the year ending August 2016, the company recorded it worst loss in the companys history posting a $6.4 billion dollars. It has therefore decided to concentrate more in petroleum business with many investments in the sector. In Australia the company has hired more than 20000 employees (Exploring, 2003). This is because the Australian market and business is larger than any other part of the word. The employee range from the managerial levels to down bottom laborers with a wide range of experience and skills. Globally, the company has an estimated 65000 employees. Characterizing the socio-ecological impacts of multinational Given the increasing poverty and global inequality and rising social rejection that have been generated, large corporations seeking to build a story with which it can question its centrality in the global economy (Feldstein, Hines and Hubbard, 2007). I am convinced that companies more part of the problem are part of the solution. Generally speaking, companies rather than governments and civil society, are better prepared to be catalysts for innovation and transformation towards a sustainable world 2. In Australia, the concern for the environmental issue is not recent. From the legal point of view, at the beginning of the last century, norms were dictated that, in one form or another, were aimed at regulating specific aspects of human activity, insofar as it has an environmental impact. Already in 1916 was passed the Law on the Neutralization of Residues from Industrial Establishments The main purpose of this legal initiative was to eliminate the administrative procedure that consisted in the authorization of the President of the Republic, for the installation of liquid industrial waste treatment systems. In practice, this meant that an industrialist had to have recourse before various administrative authorities in order to put into operation his productive processes, duplicating procedures and procedures with the consequent costs both for the State in its role of caution of the common interest and for the interested parties themselves In carrying out productive work. The mining industry has to be regulated in order to enhance proper Types of Regulatory Instruments Environmental regulations in Australia are contained in the following types of normative instruments Law: It is a declaration of the sovereign will that, manifested in the form prescribed by the Constitution, commands, prohibits or permits. Decree: It is the written order issued by the President of the Republic or a Minister by order of the President of the Republic, on matters within its competence (Law 19.880). Resolution: They are the acts of a similar nature dictated by the administrative authorities with power of decision. Environmental Standards Australia, in 1995, issued the Regulations for the Issuance of Environmental Quality and Emission Standards in accordance with the provisions of Articles 32 and 40 of Law 19.300, on General Bases for the Environment of 1994. The Regulations establish the procedure for The establishment of environmental quality standards, considering at least the following stages: technical and economic analysis, development of scientific studies, consultation of competent bodies, public and private, analysis of observations made and adequate publicity. This standard also establishes the deadlines and formalities for compliance required and the criteria for reviewing the current standards. Under the above context, the available environmental standards are organized as follows: Primary Environmental Quality Standard: They are those that establish the standards or values of concentrations and maximum periods and m Definitions of Establishment General Environmental Legislation: Establishes the general framework of environmental legislation, in Australia, is Law No. 19,300 on General Bases of the Environment, which establishes the country's environmental institutions; Environmental management tools, (Environmental Impact Assessment System, Citizen Participation and the Procedure for the Dictation of Environmental Standards, etc.), as well as the framework within which new environmental legal provisions must be dictated and reviewed. Specific Environmental Legislation: there is a specific set of environmental legislation of a which establish specific requirements or requirements, generally aimed at preserving or preserving quality aspects of the environmental element and / or Establish emission requirements. Other Environmental Regulations: There are requirements that although they are part of the Regulatory Framework applicable to a project, have no legal status. These types of requirements constitute voluntary commitments or obligations assumed by Ministries and their service companies, which are derived mainly from environmental policies, good practices or technical standards, which have been established through manuals, procedures or instructions originating in the respective Ministry or In other State institutions or international organizations. Also included in this group are technical or environmental specifications belonging to national or international financing bodies contained in the contractual commitments linked to the projects. Sources of Environmental Legal Information: Information sources on environmental legislation can be found on the websites of the institutions listed below, which are regularly updated. As a product of the previous stages (situation analysis and thematic profiles), a set of needs and capacities common to the three Rio Conventions were identified, at the systemic level, ie within the framework of general policy frameworks, norms and responsibilities in Which operate the legal and natural persons, determining the need to strengthen national environmental policies and legislation, decentralize the management and execution of environmental projects, and improve levels of intra-institutional, inter-institutional and intersectoral coordination, among others. At the individual level, capacity needs were focused on training human resources, improving the level of education and environmental awareness of the population and mining problems in Australia. I am convinced that companies more part of the problem are part of the solution. Generally speaking, companies rather than governments and civil society, are better prepared to be catalysts for innovation and transformation towards a sustainable world 3. We consider that the consequences of the operations of transnational corporations can be summarized in five fundamental dimensions (economic, political, social, environmental and cultural), which in turn are derived from another Series of impacts (labor, fiscal, gender, etc Tully, 2012). This Working Paper addresses the issue of direct taxation at the international level, with a particular development of all those issues, which, within the tax and fiscal knowledge, affect the new situation in which the full integration in the European Economic Community. The need to orient the strategies in which the new European companies move, such as the special impact that direct taxation has on the neutral decisions of investment and financing, has moved the authors to carry out this work, In which it is intended to establish, in a theoretical way, what should be the fiscal principles on which a structure of corporate taxation should rest in the various countries that make up the Community. The reality of the country's mining infrastructure is that it has had more stumbling blocks than the President of the Republic, Juan Manuel Santos, estimated at the beginning of his term, when he assured that the mining-energy locomotive would remain 'at full steam, A situation that has not been fully addressed for different reasons, such as illegal mining, infrastructure attacks and the lack of more roadways, more modern ports and an expansion of the pipeline network. The Peaceful Alliance And in this struggle to achieve international standards in the field of crude oil, the country is achieving some of the goals it had set itself, such as the sustained production of more than 1 million barrels a day of oil, thanks to foreign investment. Alternative Energy The outlook for Colombia is encouraging in terms of clean and sustainable energy and an example of this is that most of the electricity Characterizing socio-ecological impacts of multinationals Faced with the increase in poverty and inequalities worldwide and the growing social rejection they have been generating, large corporations are aiming to build a story that cannot be questioned about their centrality in the global economy: "I am convinced that the most That part of the problem is part of the solution. In general terms, companies, rather than governments and civil society, are better prepared to be catalysts for innovation and transformation towards a sustainable world, " Thus, in order to increase their social legitimacy and position themselves as an essential actor to "get out of the crisis", they present theories with objectivity and neutrality that aim to demonstrate the positive impacts of their activities on aspects such as technology transfer, The provision of public and private goods, increased employment, women's access to the labor market and the promotion of investment as a driving force for development . Faced with this, different centers of study, non- governmental organizations and social movements - as well as certain sectors of academia that still resist accepting the logic of excellence and the obligatory transfer of knowledge from the university to the company - have come Performing a work of documentation and systematization on the consequences of the global expansion of transnational corporations within the framework of the current socioeconomic model First, transnational corporations have not contributed to an improvement in the quantity and quality of employment, nor in the provision of the services they offer, have practically no investments in maintenance, have hardly favored technological transfer processes and, Permanent Court of the People When it comes to advancing both the denunciation of abuses committed by transnational corporations and the processes of mobilization and resistance that allow the construction of alternatives to the domination of large corporations, one of the most interesting experiences is that in recent years , Has been articulated around the Permanent Peoples' Tribunal (TPP). And the different sessions of this court of opinion that have been dedicated to judge the impacts of the presence of the multinational companies in Australia have contributed to foment the investigation and systematization of the negative effects produced by these companies. Through the dynamics of struggle and resistance that are expressed in the realization Resisting against the power of large corporations The theoretical framework just described, which includes the main impacts caused by multinational companies, allows us to visualize the line of continuity that can be traced between the power of large corporations in the economic, political, social, environmental and Cultural and the impacts that they generate in these same dimensions. In other words, the negative effects of the presence of transnational corporations around the world are not merely negative consequences of bad practices, but the necessary conditions to sustain and increase their power at all levels. In this context, the struggles and social mobilizations faced by large corporations, users, consumers, trade unionists, feminists, ecologists, indigenous peoples, activists and, in particular, those most affected by Business impacts play a central role in the claims that point to the responsibility of multinational companies in a socioeconomic model that globalizes povert y and inequality. In this way, campaigns, resistances and mobilizations against the largest transnationals operating in sectors such as, mining, agriculture, finance, electricity and water have multiplied throughout the world, In many of these campaigns a strong social mobilization component is present, since on the basis of them they have connected and articulated popular struggles that find in the transnational companies one of their main antagonists when defining new models of economy and development. References Blackstone, W. and Morrison, W. (2001).Commentaries on the laws of England. London: Cavendish Pub.Branch, A. (2013).Elements of port operation and management. New York: Chapman and Hall. Exploring. (2003). 1st ed. Canberra: The Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia. Feldstein, M., Hines, J. and Hubbard, R. (2007).The Effects of Taxation on Multinational Corporations. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. Karas, G. (2005).On earth. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons. Marti?nez Lucio, M. (2014).International human resource management. London [u.a.]: Sage. Mujih, E. (2016).Regulating multinationals in developing countries. London: Routledge. Park, L. and Banyai, I. (2007).Tap dancing on the roof. New York: Clarion Books. Rugman, A. and Eden, L. (n.d.).Multinationals and transfer pricing. Strauss, R. and Woods, R. (2007).One well. Toronto: Kids Can Press. Tully, S. (2012).International corporate legal responsibility. Alphen aan den Rijn: Wolters Kluwer Law et Business.

Wednesday, April 8, 2020

Absolutism and Limited Government essays

Absolutism and Limited Government essays Thomas Hobbes and John Locke set up the basis for the two major forms of government in the 17th century. Hobbes believed that the only successful government would be an absolute monarchy. Locke believed in a limited monarchy form of government. Both of these systems were practiced over many years preceding their writings. The purpose of their writings was to explain why those forms of government are legitimate. Both theories begin with the same basic assumptions, however their conclusions differ greatly. Their opinions were heavily influenced by the general felling of people towards the government of that time. The foundation of both of these theories is identical. Man without government will never prosper. They differ in that Hobbes seems to have believed that man by nature is constantly in a state of war. He believed that men need government in order to feel safe. He explains that without government there is no justice and injustice. Locke has a less severe opinion on human nature. He believed that man needs government in order to accumulate wealth. Fundamentally both of these theories claim that man needs to be governed. They then continue by explaining that government is formed out of peoples agreement to form a covenant. This covenant takes away their absolute freedom in exchange for their safety. In order for the covenant to be valid and its laws to be followed, power must be abdicated to some greater power. It is on the matter of what form this greater power should take where these two theories diverge. Hobbes was concerned with restoring peace and order to England. He believed that the only way to do this was through absolute monarchy. He believed that distributing the power among several leaders would not solve the problem. This would simply put them at war with each other. Abdicating all the power to one sovereign who remains in the state of nature ele ...

Monday, March 9, 2020

A Domestic Dilemma Dealing with Alcoholism Essay Example

A Domestic Dilemma Dealing with Alcoholism Essay Example A Domestic Dilemma Dealing with Alcoholism Paper A Domestic Dilemma Dealing with Alcoholism Paper Essay Topic: Emma This fiction addresses such problems as what would the neighbors think, what would people at the office say, how safe are the children around their mother when she is drunk, and what can Martin do to help his wife and their marriage. This story is about the dilemma or decisions Martin feels forced to make dealing with alcoholism. Alcoholism can cause families to face difficult decisions In their lives and the abuse of alcohol usually goes undetected until It Is too late. In this story, Martin Is trying to understand how Emily alcohol abuse started;He himself had always enjoyed a good drink. When they were still In Alabama they had served long drinks or cocktails as a matter of course. For years they had drunk on or two?possibly three drinks before dinner, and at bedtime a long nightcap. Evenings before holidays they might get a buzz on, might even become a little tight. But alcohol had never seemed a problem to him (66-67). Muscles writes about the abuse of alcohol and how it causes domestic violence, child abuse or neglect and an emotional strain on the family as a whole. Dealing with a loved ones alcohol abuse can be emotionally draining and that causes domestic violence to accelerate; There were times of unexplainable malevolence, times when the alcoholic fuse caused an explosion of unseemly anger (Muscles 67). Martin is trying to keep his life stable and picture perfect in everyones eyes. Hiding the fact that Emily drank, he went as far as hiring a maid, at a costly price, to manage the household. But the strong denial or rationalization of Emily abusing alcohol made It extremely difficult for Martin to help her: l havent the vaguest idea what you mean. Unless you are referring to the glass I used for a spot of hurry (Muscles 66). Thus, after he hired a maid, Emily then started to hide her drinking. Before Martin knew it, the drinking was out of control and the violence started. Martin was yelling at Emily up in the bedroom about her drinking and how sick he was about it and how bad it was for the family as a whole. The arguing continued down in th e kitchen, when Emily appeared, now yelling in front of the children. Confrontation and yelling is a sign of domestic violence that can escalate into greater, more Intense violence, and the children are the ones who suffer the cost. Alcoholism does not only affect the person drinking. It affects the entire family. Child abuse and neglect Is much more common when there Is alcohol abuse In the family. Muscles shows that Emails drinking caused her to neglect her childrens DSSSL needs In ten quest Tort more alcohol . When Marten came none en Tuna t childrens toys were left outside, only breakfast seemed to have been fed to the children, and the children were unsupervised in the living room playing with cords and plugs while Emily was upstairs drinking. The story makes it seem as though the hillier have been alone since Emily served them breakfast and mistakenly put cayenne on the toast instead of cinnamon. l like to have burnt up, Andy said, Drank water and ran outdoors and opened my mouth (Muscles 65). Neglecting others needs for the need to drink is only part of the problem of alcoholism. Child abuse happens more often when alcohol is involved, some-times unintentionally by the user. Then there was an accident. Coming home from work one evening about a year ago, he was greeted with screams from the childrens room. He found Emily holding he baby, wet and naked from her bath. The baby had been dropped, her frail skull striking the table edge, so that a thread of blood was soaking into the gossamer hair. Emily was sobbing and intoxicated. (67) Martin seems to be carrying a lot of pain and concern for his wife, his Job, his family and his life in general. Emily is hiding loneliness and depression by drinking. Alcoholism was causing a distressing strain on them both. The strain was becoming overwhelming and children were being affected by it. Emily drinking causes an enormous emotional strain on Martin. He feels obligated to cover up her drinking, and finds it hard to deal with Emily problem of depression. The inner emotional strain of it all causes him to hate his wife. Martin anticipated his own embarrassment, wondering if the others at the office could possibly suspect. He felt that his secretary had divined the trouble long ago and pitied him. He suffered a moment of rebellion against his fate; he hated his wife (69-70). His thinking becomes consumed with his own anger. He starts to ponder the fate of his future and the fate of his children and all looked ghastly. He even envisions his children dead. Life decisions were being made in haste and out of anger all because of Emily alcohol abuse. Alcoholism can cause families to face difficult decisions. Muscles places Martin in a dilemma, a patrolled dimension of hate and love for Emily and what he was going to do about the alcoholism. This story takes place in the sasss when there was neither any program for alcohol abuse, nor the want to advertise that there might be an abuse problem in your family. As far as Martin was concerned he was alone and he alone would have to come up with the solution to this problem. Muscles shows that Emily has the classic signs of Alcoholism: People who are dependent on alcohol spend a great deal of time drinking alcohol and they have memory lapses (blackouts) after drinking episodes. Did I make a scene? Oh, Martin, did I make a scene before the children (Muscles 69)? Two minutes prior to saying that Emily was kneeling on the floor talking to her son. Alcoholism changed Emily from a simple, Joyful woman, to a lonely, depressed individual. At the end of the story Martin in sorrow and love looks at his wife as a different person. For the first time that evening he looked at his wife (Muscles 71). By moonlight he watched his wife for the last time (Muscles 71). He says goodbye to the women he married, the naturally simple women, the mother of his beautiful children and the person he loves and started looking at his wife in a new way, as an alcoholic. A Domestic Dilemma Day Carson Muscles snows ten consequences, suffering Ana neglect that can come from alcohol abuse. Because of the alcoholism, Martin sacrifices his love for Emily and their marriage for the best interest of himself and his children.

Saturday, February 22, 2020

Coffee market Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Coffee market - Assignment Example For instance, in 1980s, many of the major producers of coffee had poor technological infrastructures. Therefore, cartels took this opportunity to deceive the farmers concerning the real prices of coffee in the markets. Therefore, they dictated the amount of coffee to reach the market, an aspect that affected the supply of the commodity in the market. As a result, they create an artificial demand, thereby causing an increase in the prices of the commodity. However, on the other side, they maintain a constant amount of money they purchase the coffee from the farmers. Consequently, they make huge sums of money in the expense of poor farmers. The demand in the market determines the amount of the product that producers are willing to supply. Higher prices motivate the producers to increase the amount of products to be produced. However, cartels take all the benefits emanating from higher prices of the products in the market. Therefore, many producers end up being frustrated, an aspect that affects their levels of production. This explains why rising prices of coffee since 2005 have not acted as incentives to farmers. In reaction, majority of the farmers have uprooted coffee bushes and planted fast growing crops such as fruits which are earning higher prices in the global market. Cartels are illegal in many countries because they affect the independence of the market. This is through preventing the forces of demand and supply to dictate the prices of the commodities in the market. For instance, instead of farmers benefiting from high demand in the market, these benefits end up in the pockets of few individual who does not contribute even a single cent towards the production of the commodities. These are people who distort the movement of the goods along the value chain but their presence does not benefit the producers or even the consumers. As a result, they affect the growth of the production sector in the country. In