Thursday, August 27, 2020

Lenin had a greater impact on Russia’s economy and society than any other Ruler. How far do you agree with this view of the period from 1855 to 1964? Essay

Lenin greaterly affected Russia’s economy and society than some other Ruler. How far do you concur with this perspective on the period from 1855 to 1964? Over the period from 1855 to 1964, Russia saw different changes and arrangements under the Tsars and the Communist heads that impactsly affected its economy and society both positive and negative. Lenin unquestionably embedded polices that changed society and the economy for instance with war socialism. Anyway whether his arrangements had the best effect is questionable and in this paper I will evaluate the view whether Lenin had the best effect on Russia’s economy and society than some other ruler between the period from 1855-1964. The Russia economy as far as industry vacillated over the period from 1855-1964. It is critical to take note of that under all the pioneers, industrialisation and modernisation was constantly observed as a basic financial point. Under Alexander II, with Reutern as his Minister of account wh o received a methodology that rotated around proceeded with railroad development, fascination of remote mastery and outside speculation capital. Therefore modernisation and development happened inside the staples just as more up to date ventures which show the effect that alexander II made on industry. Reutern accomplished a sevenfold increment in the measure of railroad and the limit of railroad to convey break mass at speed expanded which gave a significant lift to mechanical yield Russia appeared to be at long last moving towards industrialisation and staying aware of the West. This methodology was comparable under Nicolas II who additionally figured out how to greatly affect Russia’s mechanical economy. This was through crafted by Sergei Witte whom at the hour of his arrangement the Russian economy despite everything settled overwhelmingly around horticultural creation further indicating that under Alexander II impacts was constrained. Witte proceeded with the possibility of outside mastery just as taking out remote advances, raising charges and loan costs to support accessible capital for interest in industry. Another significant advancement was the arrangement of the rouble on the highest quality level in 1897. The effects of Witte’s approaches were extraordinary. Coal creation multiplied and that of iron and steel expanded sevenfold while the aggregate sum of railroad track opened rose from 29,183 km to 52,612 km in 1901. A lot of this invigorated the marvelous development in capital abroad. There meant that salary began to try and find other industrialized countries seen and incomeâ earned from industry rose from 42 million to 161 roubles by 1897. This time of mechanical achievement has even been named the ‘Great Spurt’ and the expansion in modern creation of 7.5% far surpassed Russian accomplishment for any equivalent period before 1914 which shows that Nicholas II had the best effect on the mechanical economy than some other Tsar. This emphasis on overwhelming industry was proceeded under Stalin who embedded his multi year plans; industrialisation was to be invigo rated through the setting creation targets. The impacts were extraordinary increment in mechanical yield which difficult to state explicitly as a significant part of the creation figures were adulterated. Khrushchev for the most part proceeded Stain’s centralisation with more noteworthy preoccupation as he needed to create more buyer merchandise. There was anyway a log jam in development under Khrushchev yet it wasn’t an enormous effect and represents a negative effect. This anyway didn’t contrast with negative effects seen under Lenin. By November 1917 Lenin expressed actualized War Communism by presenting state free enterprise. This included the state assuming total responsibility for the economy until it could ‘safely’ be given over to the working class. Nationalization without anyone else never really increment creation; military needs were given need so assets to those ventures not considered basic were denied. The circumstance was made increasingly genuine by the processing plants being denied of labor because of induction. The issue for industry was extended by hyperinflation. The government’s strategy on proceeding to print cash notes viably pulverized the estimation of cash and before the finish of 1920 the rouble had tumbled to 1 percent of its worthin1917. In spite of the fact that Lenin’s NEP began to affect industry decidedly and in reality mechanical yield expanded quickly it just at any point arrived at the degree of yield in 1914. Generally speaking, the best positive effect on industry apparently is under Nicholas II. Modern yield over multiplied under him, railroad development extended quickly and his approaches affected the individuals too individuals saw expectations for everyday comforts increment not at all like under Stalin that in spite of development expectations for everyday comforts really decayed and Russia could have seen to be en route to genuine industrialisation. While under Lenin unmistakably he had the best negative effect on the modern economy. There was no mechanical development and Lenin just profited through more tight control of Russia through the economy. Just as effects on industry it is likewise critical to think about effects on horticulture. The issue of land possession can be seen toâ be took care of diversely under every pioneer. Alexander II, Lenin and Stalin all sought after that adequately impactsly affected farming. With the liberation of the serfs in 1861 the workers were ‘free’ and not, at this point attached to the land. The effects anyway were inversion. Laborers were distributed low quality land and got less on normal than they had been cultivating before liberation. Besides workers had to take care of reclamation obligations that were higher than what they could accomplish. At long last, the effects on the laborers were they were more terrible off and capable workers had no motivating force to deliver surpluses and were hesitant to improve the land as choices about what was to be creates and how harvests were to be developed were chosen by the town Mir, which brought about a slight fall in grain generally speaking. These impacts anyway were increasingly extreme under Lenin and Stalin as they tried to build grain creation by pressure. While Lenin under War socialism utilized grain ordering to commandingly gather laborer surpluses from them Stalin utilized collectivisation to drive workers to team up to deliver however much food as could reasonably be expected. Thus in the two cases the laborers wouldn't acclimate; realizing that any overflow would be seized the worker delivered the barest least to take care of themselves and their family and even less food was accessible for Russia. Probably the best effect were the starvations that happened in 1921 under Lenin where the grain collect created not exactly a large portion of the sum accumulated in 1931 and Russia had global assistance from nations, for example, the USA. Anyway these effects were the best under Stalin. The measure of bread delivered tumbled from 250.4 (kilograms per head) in 1928 to 214.6 in 1932. The effects of collectivisation were at the very least in 1932-32 when happened what numerous individuals depict as an independent national starvation. Stalin’s ‘’official silence’’ of the circumstance implied it wasn’t tended to and along these lines collectivisation murdered between 10-15 million laborers and neglected to increment horticultural yield. Despite the fact that a comparative decimating starvation happened under Alexander III in which he received the Peasant land banks to attempt to mitigate the effects and empower cultivating again and in truth starvations happened over Russian history its seriousness was the most noticeably awful under Stalin. Alexander II’s endeavor to conciliate the laborers to increment farming levels was correspondingly received under Nicholas II through the changes of Stolypin and further under Khrushchev. Stolypin’s ‘wager on the strong’ saw that in that period workers were paying progressively higher charges a signâ that their new cultivating was delivering higher benefits. The arrangement of land backs, cancelation of reclamation levy and being encouraged to supplant wasteful strip framework made a wealthier gathering of workers later marked the kulaks by socialist pioneers meaning that Nicholas II delighted in higher rural benefits. The plans for bigger scope willf ul resettlement of workers are a continuation under Khrushchev whose Virgin Land Campaigns energized the expansion in the measure of land being developed. In 1950, 96 million sections of land of land were offered over to the creation of wheat and by 1964 this expanded to 165 million sections of land. His strategies appear to have even affected residents as urban inhabitants began to feel that their food prerequisites were finally being satisfactorily met. Accordingly Khrushchev can be believed to have the best constructive effect on horticulture as the Russian individuals had at long last felt that the food was sufficient for them and the measure of land and grain developed expanded. While the best negative effect was unmistakably under Stalin, his collectivisation was met by laborer turmoil and grain and animals decimation that lead to a cursing national starvation. Both the Tsars and the Communist chiefs had their effects on the Russian culture. Religion and the possibility that the Tsar was Gods own delegated proceeded under each of the three Tsars, so there was no genuine effect by any on the tsars on religion as they looked to keep this strict through the guide of the Russian Orthodox Church; the Russian individuals really accepted that the Tsar was designated by God and alluded to him as their ‘little father’. In spite of Lenin coming into force and giving the’ order on the detachment of the congregation and state’ which implied that the congregation was no longer to have focal association with power over nearby associations, strict lessons in schools being illegal and the endeavor to kill religion Peasants kept on asking and love as their progenitors had yet they could no longer hazard doing it so freely. Henceforth demonstrating the Tsars had a more noteworthy effect as far as religion than the commun

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Analysis of “A Very Old Man with Enormous Wings by Gabriel Garcia Marquez”

The plot of â€Å"A exceptionally Old Man with Enormous Wings† is fabulous, however such dreamlike methodology is common for Marques. This is an account of a heavenly attendant, who came into this world, however individuals would not remember him, so the frustrated holy messenger needed to leave[1].Marques utilized a language, which has all the earmarks of being somewhat basic: he just recounts to a story as though he was telling it to youngsters: with straightforward words and without an excess of scholarly complexity. This makes the story like a legend or an anecdote. The story creates in legitimate time stream from the earliest starting point to the end.Marques, as a writer, takes an unbiased situation in the content, he gives a diagram of that what has occurred and leaves an opportunity of assessment for the reader.However, a peruser can scarcely neglect to be moved, at any rate in light of the fact that even an essentially recounted story is incredible: a heavenly attenda nt goes to the world.Another point of Marques’s basic and in any event, exhausting language is to underline the lack of interest of a large portion of the characters, regardless of whether it is father Gonzaga, who dismisses a holy messenger in light of the fact that the blessed messenger doesn't speak Latin, a language of Roman Catholic Church, or Elisenda, who discovers nothing better, than to sell tickets, as though observing a holy messenger was a show.The thought of Marques is self-evident: individuals are so distant from God, that they can't perceive His messenger.Time and spot of the story are obscure. It must be recommended, that it is some Spanish-talking nation. Marques talks about the time as â€Å"in those times† making a story much increasingly like a legend.Such style of composing is rendered as ‘magical realism’, on the grounds that it is separated from reality by vulnerability of time and place and by handy bumbling of genuine and incredibl e elements[2].Marques has himself called â€Å"A exceptionally Old Man with Enormous Wings† a story for kids. It has been written in the period between his two milestone books: ‘One Hundred Years of Solitude’ and ‘The Autumn of the Patriarch’ in a particularly simple manner[3].Nevertheless, it incorporates practically all components of mysterious authenticity, which can be found in his extraordinary books: a world, which exists without anyone else without ties with the encompassing, awesome animals which enter the world, and scriptural language of story-telling.Is it a story for kids? In a manner truly, it is a story for kids or possibly for the individuals who are not yet profoundly grown-up. It isn't Marques’s issue, that a large portion of his crowd seems, by all accounts, to be â€Å"spiritual children†.As any kids they must be cautioned about conceivable poor outcomes of their activity, and in this sense the tale of Marques speaks to such notice. Very occurs in the story, what can be called clearly insidious aside from a certain something: individuals in their day by day schedule have overlooked God.Works cited:1. Gabriel Garcia Marquez, A Very Old Man with Enormous Wings, at (last saw: October 16, 2007)2. Faulkner, Tom.â â€Å"An Overview of ‘A Very Old Man with Enormous Wings.’†Ã¢ Exploring Short Stories.â Detroit: Gale Research, 1998.â Rpt. Storm Database: Literature Resource Center, 1999. Accessible at: (last saw: October 16, 2007)3. Nicholas Tornaritis. GradeSaver(tm) ClassicNotes A Very Old Man With Enormous Wings, GradeSaver, LLC, 2006[1] For the story see: Gabriel Garcia Marquez, A Very Old Man with Enormous Wings, at (last saw: October 16, 2007)[2] Faulkner, Tom.â â€Å"An Overv iew of ‘A Very Old Man with Enormous Wings.’†Ã¢ Exploring Short Stories.â Detroit: Gale Research, 1998.â Rpt. Hurricane Database: Literature Resource Center, 1999. Accessible at: (last saw: October 16, 2007)[3] Nicholas Tornaritis. GradeSaver(tm) ClassicNotes A Very Old Man With Enormous Wings, GradeSaver, LLC, 2006. P.- 19

Friday, August 21, 2020

How to Transfer to Amherst TKG

How to Transfer to Amherst Amherst is a small, highly competitive liberal arts school in Amherst, Massachusetts. Given that Amherst is quite difficult to get into as a freshman, it should come as no surprise that their transfer acceptance rate is below 5%. Their website will take you through the requirements, but we’ll go over the required writing supplements below. Please briefly elaborate on an extracurricular activity or work experience of particular significance to you. (Maximum: 175 words)We love to see colleges acknowledging the fact that work experiences are just as valuable as extracurricular activities. A lot of students skip over “real jobs” but we always encourage our TKG clients to get jobs. It’s a great experience for real life, and you get paid. To answer this question, don’t try to pick the activity or job that you think makes you sound the most important. You should truly be picking the most significant and meaningful bullet point on your resume, and then take the reader through a d ay in the life. What’s like to be there? Make sure that your story highlights the skills required and the challenges you face, but don’t forget to include the good parts that make you love it so much. Essay #1:    Tell us about your educational journey. Within your essay, please address your reasons for transferring,  as well as any objectives you hope to achieve. (250-650 words) Props to Amherst for the structure of this prompt. They clearly lay out what they’re looking for, which makes it easier for you to frame the narrative and get to work. Let’s go through it in order:“Tell us about your educational journey.”In addition to telling Amherst what you plan to study, bring them up to speed as to how you got there. Obviously, your story should align with the offerings at Amherst. You should already know what you plan to major in, but your origin story needs to explain why. Think back to the day, or experience, when you decided that you wanted to major in Linguistic or Physics. Tell them that story. “Please address your reasons for transferring”Amherst needs to know why you want to transfer, and what’s not working at your current school. Explain why it’s not working for you without bashing the school, and also include why you initially decided to go there. The goal here is to make a case for yourself that your current school can’t provide you with what you’re looking for, so don’t shy away from being precise about the details. This part of the essay should lead directly to the last part of the prompt. “Objectives you hope to achieve.” This is where you explain why Amherst is the perfect school for you. Similar to the “Why X School” prompts that you wrote the first time you applied to college, you need to find two upper-level classes that you want to take, a professor that you hope to work with, and an extracurricular activity that you plan to join. This is a research assignment, and you should spend a lot of time finding offe rings that align with your personal brand. Think specializations. Everything that you choose should be a continuation of what you did in high school, and what you’re currently doing in college. Explain why you want to take the classes and why you’d be a solid addition to the research team of the professor that you choose. Writing about an extracurricular activity shows the school that you have aspirations that go beyond the classroom, and that you’d be a good cultural fit for the campus. After you’ve found all of the information, craft a narrative! Don’t just go through it bullet-point style. Amherst wants to get to know you, so make sure that you’re weaving the school’s offerings into details about your life seamlessly. Essay #2:    Describe the life experiences, personal circumstances and notable challenges that have most affected  you as a student, community member and person. How have these factors influenced who you are  today?  (250-650 words)The phrasing of th is prompt, however, is not great. Don’t freak out. The best way to go about answering this question is to look at everything that you’ve submitted so far and decide which qualities about yourself that you still need to convey. While you’re at it, text your friends and ask them how they would describe you. Then text your family and do the same. Let’s say that you end up with three qualities: curious, empathetic, driven. Decide which quality resonates with you the most â€" but make sure that you’re picking something that you haven’t already expressed in the first supplement or second supplement. Then, go back to the question. What life experiences, personal circumstances, or notable challenges have occurred in your life that can be used as a starting point to express the personality trait that you’ve chosen? Let’s use driving as an example. Perhaps a life experience (and eventual challenge) that you faced was the creation of a small business that wasn’t ultimately su ccessful. Take them through what happened, and let the details of the story make it clear that you’re a go-getter. If you want to transfer and you’re not sure where to start, contact us here.

Monday, May 25, 2020

Aquaponics as an Alternative to Conventional Agriculture...

The greatest 21st-century challenge that humanity will face is not terrorism, disease, or warfare. It is not solely an issue of politics, inequality, or climate change. Instead, it is the kindling that fuels and exacerbates all other issues. Our greatest challenge is one of demography. The problem is that we exist, or rather, that too many of us do, and that we are running out of ways to feed ourselves. The most pressing issue we must decide how to handle, in the face of booming population, is how to deal with our current agricultural system. This paper will present the most damaging side-effects of conventional agriculture and will show how aquaponics, a nearly entirely self-sustaining agricultural system, addresses these impacts.†¦show more content†¦Inefficient irrigation techniques allow most of the water provided to crops to evaporate or to miss crop roots entirely as it seeps underground. Despite the wasteful ways with which we treat water, a quarter of the worldâ€⠄¢s people face water shortages (Watkins et al. 2006). This proportion will only continue to grow, particularly in the Middle East and Northern Africa (Bureau and Strobl 2012). Another alarming issue is the rate with which we are losing our rain forests. At the current rate of deforestation, rain forests could be nonexistant in one hundred years. We need to preserve rainforests because they act as protectors of biodiversity. Even though they cover only 2% of the Earth’s surface area, they are home to over 50% of our species. Furthermore, rainforests play many other critical roles by keeping our environment balanced. Trees protect soil against erosion, perpetuate the water cycle, and act as â€Å"carbon sinks† for the atmosphere (Slattery 2012). Cutting down trees means releasing that stored CO2 and speeding up climate change. Still, behind 80% of deforestation is modern commercial agriculture (Kissinger et al. 2012). Sensitive rain forests are cleared to make land for crops, with devastating results on the stability of the ecosystem. Consequently, deforestation and other activities related to food production, such as fertilizer application, ac count for almost all of our land CO2 emissions,Show MoreRelatedVertical And Vertical Types Of Vertical Farming1667 Words   |  7 PagesVertical Farms- Vertical farming is a component of urban agriculture and is the practice of producing food in vertically stacked layers or vertically inclined surfaces. Advantages of Vertical Farming Minimum Input – Maximum Output Vertical Farming is a revolutionary approach to producing high quantities of nutritious and quality fresh food all year round, without relying on skilled labour, favourable weather, high soil fertility or high water usage. Vertical Farm Systems growing cycles are consistentRead MoreAgricultural Science Sba12288 Words   |  50 Pagesnavigation, search | Agriculture | General | * Agribusiness * Agricultural science * Agroforestry * Agronomy * Animal husbandry * Extensive farming * Factory farming * Farm * Free range * Industrial agriculture * Mechanised agriculture * Ministries * Intensive farming * Organic farming * Permaculture * Stock-free agriculture * Sustainable agriculture * Universities * Urban agriculture | History | * History of agriculture * History of organic farmingRead MoreAn Introduction to Hydrophonics and Controlled Environment Agriculture40110 Words   |  161 PagesIntroduction to Hydroponics and Controlled Environment Agriculture by Patricia A. Rorabaugh, Ph.D. University of Arizona Controlled Environment Agriculture Center 1951 E. Roger Road Tucson, AZ 85719 Revised December, 2012 TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER 1: Controlled Environment Agriculture and Hydroponics: Past, Present and Future The Plant How to grow greenhouse crops Plant Protection: Insects and Diseases Basic Principals of Hydroponics Transplant Production Pollination, Fertilization and Bee

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Capital Punishment On Trial Furman V. Georgia And The...

In David M. Oshinsky’s book, Capital Punishment on Trial: Furman v. Georgia and the Death Penalty in Modern America, he discussed the case of Furman v. Georgia. He explores the controversy that capital punishment holds in the United States of America. The death penalty has been in practice for many centuries. For example, â€Å"In Massachusetts, where religion had played a key role in settlement, crimes like blasphemy, witchcraft, sodomy, adultery, and incest became capital offenses, through juries sometimes hesitated to convict† (Oshinsky, 2010). For the punishment of death these offenses do not fit the crime. However, capital punishment at this time was rarely criticized. The death penalty demanded many executions including public ones. Many of these were hangings and were public events. After the American Revolution the death penalty began to be questioned. For example, Benjamin Rush stated, â€Å"Capital punishments are the offspring of monarchial governments. King s believe that they possess their crowns by a divine right. They assume the divine power of taking away human life† (Oshinsky, 2010). By the 1840’s there were organized groups opposing the death penalty such as the Society for the Abolition of Capital Punishment. Within the coming years, the support for capital punishment fluctuated. Throughout the book, Oshinsky explores the many cases leading up to the Furman v. Georgia decision. Throughout the book Oshinsky talks about several different cases involving the deathShow MoreRelatedThe Death Penalty1347 Words   |  6 PagesThe concept of the death penalty has been around since the 1700’s B.C. where it was first defined in the Code of Hammurabi (Historical Timeline). Since then, the death penalty has morphed and changed. In 1608 A.D., Captain George Kendall in the Jamestown colony of Virginia was hanged for treason (Historical Timeline). This became the first execution recorded in America (Historical Timeline). Af ter this moment in history, people have debated the concept of the death and if it is truly constitutionalRead MoreTaking a Look at Capital Punishment1004 Words   |  4 PagesWilliam Furman murdered William Micke on August 11, 1967 in Savannah, Georgia. Furman was unemployed, and only had a sixth grade education. William Furman became depressed, and started to commit theft for food and money. Furman was caught stealing several times, but was only given a light sentence. At 2 a.m. on August 11, William Furman broke into the house of William Micke, while Micke and his five children were sleeping. William Micke heard a noise and went downstairs to see where the noiseRead MoreThe Debate Of Capital Punishment1313 Words   |  6 PagesCapital Punishment Introduction The state of California has carried out 13 executions since the enactment of capital punishment in 1992 (NAACP, 2016, 10). According to the NAACP winter quarterly report, there are currently 743 prisoners on death row (NAACP, 2016, 39). Since the enactment, there has been a wide range of political debate. The largest concern is in regards to the number of wrongful convictions and its philosophical underpinnings. The citizens in California are as diverse as theirRead MoreHistorical Developments Surrounding Capital Punishment2105 Words   |  9 PagesAs the impending trial of Dzhokhar Tsarnev looms near, the constitutionality of the death penalty will once again come to the forefront of all legal and legislative discussion. Since the reinstatement of the federal death penalty in 1988 (while state executions were reinstated after Gregg v Georgia in 1978) only three individuals have been executed for violating federal law (â€Å"† 2014), but with multiple sta tes still permitting the application of the death penalty in state relatedRead More Capital Punishment Essay: Just Say No1095 Words   |  5 PagesCapital Punishment: Just Say No      Ã‚  This essay will show that the United States is on an execution rampage. Since capital punishment was reinstated by the Supreme Court in the 1976 Gregg v. Georgia decision(Gregg), more than 525 men and women have been put to death by the state. More than 150 of these executions have taken place since 1996. 3,500 people are on death row today, awaiting their turn with the executioner. Capital punishment has existed throughout most of the course of our nationsRead MoreSentencing Guilty Verdict1067 Words   |  4 PagesI. Introduction Sentencing is defined as the penalty phase which follows a guilty verdict levied for a criminal act (The Free Dictionary, 2014). Sentencing attempts to accomplish four goals: a. Punishment b. Incapacitation c. Deterrence d. Rehabilitation (Renter, 2008) When imposing legal sanctions we must consider the criminal act committed. The importance of this consideration lies in fact that the punishment should fit the crime. We would not want to sentence a child to life imprisonment forRead MoreCapital Punishment During The Colonial Era1165 Words   |  5 Pages The public opinion within the United States on capital punishment has fluctuated since its early establishment during the colonial era. The debate about the use of capital punishment has been shaped by factors such as class, gender, age but most importantly race. During the colonial era, Britain was the biggest influence on America when it came to utilizing the death penalty. The death penalty was used for minor offenses such as stealing, killing animals, and trading with Indians. As the late 1700sRead MoreCapital punishments should not be banned; people believe capital punishment is unconstitutional,900 Words   |  4 PagesCapital punishments should not be banned; people believe capital punishment is unconstitutional, that the person on death row actually committed a crime that put them there. There are complaints about the money put out for capital punishment and some think that the death penalty sends the wrong message or that our government is broken. Even though people believe capital punishment should be banned, it should not be banned due to multiple reasons. In the United States, capital punishment (also knownRead Morefurman v. georgia1844 Words   |  8 Pagesï » ¿THE DEATH PENALTY The death penalty or capital punishment has been part of our humanity for years and years. Existed since ancient times, according to people a person who has committed an atrocious act, was sentence to death penalty or capital punishment. The death penalty begins back in the 18th century B.C. in the code of king Hammaurabi of Baylon; who was accused of committing 25 crimes. In years past, the punishments where more crucial then today, the execution procedures had no boundariesRead MoreThe Case Of Ehrlich Coker798 Words   |  4 PagesOn December 5, 1971, Ehrlich Coker was to have allegedly raped and stabbed a young woman to death. Less than a year later, he kidnapped and raped a sixteen year old female. There was an additional victim in which he tortured the young woman and abandoned her in a wooded area. After his apprehension, Mr. Coker pled guilty to the offenses. â€Å" He was sentenced by three separate courts to three life terms, two 20-year terms, and one 8-year term of imp risonment† (Brody Acker, 2010, p. 57). While Mr

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Breast Cancer is All Over the World - 1298 Words

Breast Cancer is all over the world. It doesn’t just affect older women, it affects young women and men. Breast Cancer is a cancerous tumor that has developed within the cells of the breast. The most ordinary area in the breast for breast cancer to develop is the ducts, and less ordinary in the lobules of the breast. The cancerous cells can intrude healthy breast tissue over time, or cells can break off from the tumor and travel to the lymph nodes and into the lymphatic system which could take them to other parts of the body (â€Å"Breast Cancer-Woman’s†). Breast caner appears in the milk-producing glands of the breast tissue. Groups of glands in normal breast tissue are called lobules. The products of these glands are secreted into a†¦show more content†¦You may experience side effects or complications from cancer treatment. For example, radiation therapy may cause temporary swelling of the breast, and aches and pains around the area. Lymphedema may st art six to eight weeks after surgery or after radiation treatment for cancer. It can also start slowly after cancer treatment is over. You may not notice symptoms until eighteen to twenty-four months after treatment. Sometimes it can take a year to develop (â€Å"Breast Cancer-NY Times†). The longer a woman waits to have her first full-term pregnancy, the greater her breast cancer risk is. Her breast tissue does not mature into cancer-resistant until the last months of a full-term pregnancy. A delayed first full-term pregnancy increase her risk because it extends the length of time during which her breasts remain susceptible to carcinogens. Because American women already force a high risk, they raise even a small percentage through the procurement (â€Å"Breast Cancer-Book†). There are various treatments used to combat breast cancer. Some are surgery, Radiotherapy, Chemotherapy, Hormone Therapy, and Biological Therapy. Which those are not all of the treatments. Surgery is to remove the malignant tumor from the breast. Radiotherapy is a treatment that uses drugs to kill cancer cells. Hormone therapy is used to lower the levels of estrogen and progesterone and block the effects of these hormones. Biological therapy uses laboratory made antibodiesShow MoreRelatedBreast Cancer Among Women 1457 Words   |  6 PagesBreast cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the tissue of the breast and spread to the surrounding area of the breast. This cancer most normally begins from the inner lobules of the breast, which are called the ducts and is better known as the part of the breast that makes milk. After a woman develops cancer, she is tested to determine what type of cancer she has and which treatment is best for her. Some treatments for cancer are surgery, hormonal therapy, immunotherapy and radiation. In theRead MoreTwentieth Century is the Cancer Century1801 Words   |  7 Pagestwentieth century has often been called the cancer century. This is bec ause more than a hundred types of cancer have been discovered in this century, and secondly, because enormous medical efforts have been made to fight all kinds of cancer throughout the world. In the early decades of the twentieth century, cancer was considered to be a fatal disease. Although some cancers are still fatal, medical therapy has developed significantly over the years so that most cancers can be treated and cured. After decadesRead MoreCell Signaling Essay1583 Words   |  7 PagesSignaling Over the past semester in cell biology, determining protein structure and functions of gene sequences have been some important discussions in class. On this discussion, many people will agree that the defects from the protein structure and gene sequences such as cell-signaling are the main factors of human disease. When it comes to the topic of human disease breast cancer and sickle cell anemia have been the most prevalent. The importance of these topics in reference to breast cancer and sickleRead MoreThe Issues of Breast Cancer in Nigeria Essay1552 Words   |  7 Pages‘mild breast lumps.’ It is an ailment that could lead to breast cancer. We are happy to see women respond to our awareness programs.† said Dr. Rosa Phil (1). In her article, Dr. Phil commends Mrs. Anyanwu for taking action against breast cancer as she recommends all women do the same. The issue of breast cancer is fast becoming a major one. There is a huge hole to be filled in the area of breast cancer awareness in Nigeria. An article posted in the ‘The Daily Trust’ titled, â€Å"Breast Cancer amongstRead MoreCancer : A Type Of Disease1203 Words   |  5 PagesResearch Paper: Cancer Cancer, is a type of disease that involves abnormal cell growth and has the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body. Not all tumors are cancerous, there is one type that is not cancerous; benign tumors (which do not spread to other parts of the body). Possible signs and symptoms include: a distinct lump, a lengthened cough, irregular bleeding, unexplained weight loss, a difference in bowel movements, and many others. While these symptoms may cause cancer, they mayRead MoreBreast Cancer Awareness1695 Words   |  7 PagesThesis Statement: While both women and men can also get the breast cancer disease there is a cure with awareness to breast cancer. I. Breast Cancer and Who It Attacks A) What Is the Disease and Who It Affects 1. Disease which is a malignant cancer 2. Cells forms within the tissue of the breast 3. Victims are shocked 4. Both men and women get this disease 5. Women will be diagnosed more than men II. Common Risks Factors For Breast Cancer A) This Disease Can Be Caused By 1. One’s diet and lifestyle Read MoreBreast Cancer : Cancer And Cancer1714 Words   |  7 PagesBreast Cancer The twentieth century has often been called and known as the cancer century. The reason being is that throughout the century, there have been more than a hundred types of cancer discovered across the world. In addition to the discovery of these many cancers, there has been an enormous medical effort to fight all kinds of cancer across the world. In the early decades of the century, cancer was considered to be a fatal disease, resulting in a high number of deaths. Although manyRead MoreBreast Cancer; Saving the Girls 959 Words   |  4 PagesBreast cancer is the second most prominent cause of cancer deaths in women. About 1 in 8 American women living in the U.S. will be diagnosed with invasive breast cancer sometime during the course of their life. About 39,620 of those women will die from it. â€Å"Breast cancer occurs when cells in the breast divide and grow without their normal control† (Komen). There are two main types of breast cancer. Ductal carcinoma, the most common type which starts in the tubes that transport milk from the breastRead MoreBreast Cancer : Cancer And Cancer Essay1711 Words   |  7 Pagesacknowledge the health beings of a women is quite scary knowing that in about 1 in 8 women in the U.S will develop breast cancer. By this year of 2016 going into 2017 there will approximately be 246,660 cases found. The 20th century is described to be the cancer century. One main cancer I wanted to talk about that has my full attention was breast cancer. The important ways of looking at breast cancer as a tremendous problem is because we are losing our women to this disease. 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Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Multinationals Global Headquarters

Questions: 1.What is the name of the multinational, the number of employees in and out of Australia and global headquarters?2.What are the regulatory framework/s affecting the multinational company?3.What are the treaties, conventions or agreements that have impacted on the products or services that multinational company provides in Australia? Answers: 1. This is an Anglo- Australian multinational company that deals with minerals, metals and petroleum products and is headquartered in Melbourne, Australia. In 2015, it was valued and measured as one of the biggest measured by market value terms. In revenue collection it is the fourth largest company in Australia mainly behind financial and banking sector companies. It operates in the industrial and mineral sector. It was created in 2001 when the merger between BHP an Australian Limited Company and Billiton plc was effected. It is also one of the largest companies in Australia by market capitalization. The two companies that merged were initially founded in the 1880s and therefore do have a rich history in mineral and petroleum excavation (Blackstone and Morrison, 2001). Billiton plc was founded and incorporated in 1860 while BHP was founded in 1885. The company share is listed in the London Stock Exchange and is also among the most traded in the FTSE 100. BHP Billiton has a corporate headquarters located at the CBD Melbourne at 171 Collins Street in Australia. The companies had seen considerable growth in the 90s. After merging, they combined their resources and expanded their mines from the usual mines in Europe and Australia and went global. They acquired mines and ores in South America, Asia and South Africa. The company has gone on to make many more subsidiaries. In the year ending August 2016, the company recorded it worst loss in the companys history posting a $6.4 billion dollars. It has therefore decided to concentrate more in petroleum business with many investments in the sector. In Australia the company has hired more than 20000 employees (Exploring, 2003). This is because the Australian market and business is larger than any other part of the word. The employee range from the managerial levels to down bottom laborers with a wide range of experience and skills. Globally, the company has an estimated 65000 employees. Characterizing the socio-ecological impacts of multinational Given the increasing poverty and global inequality and rising social rejection that have been generated, large corporations seeking to build a story with which it can question its centrality in the global economy (Feldstein, Hines and Hubbard, 2007). I am convinced that companies more part of the problem are part of the solution. Generally speaking, companies rather than governments and civil society, are better prepared to be catalysts for innovation and transformation towards a sustainable world 2. In Australia, the concern for the environmental issue is not recent. From the legal point of view, at the beginning of the last century, norms were dictated that, in one form or another, were aimed at regulating specific aspects of human activity, insofar as it has an environmental impact. Already in 1916 was passed the Law on the Neutralization of Residues from Industrial Establishments The main purpose of this legal initiative was to eliminate the administrative procedure that consisted in the authorization of the President of the Republic, for the installation of liquid industrial waste treatment systems. In practice, this meant that an industrialist had to have recourse before various administrative authorities in order to put into operation his productive processes, duplicating procedures and procedures with the consequent costs both for the State in its role of caution of the common interest and for the interested parties themselves In carrying out productive work. The mining industry has to be regulated in order to enhance proper Types of Regulatory Instruments Environmental regulations in Australia are contained in the following types of normative instruments Law: It is a declaration of the sovereign will that, manifested in the form prescribed by the Constitution, commands, prohibits or permits. Decree: It is the written order issued by the President of the Republic or a Minister by order of the President of the Republic, on matters within its competence (Law 19.880). Resolution: They are the acts of a similar nature dictated by the administrative authorities with power of decision. Environmental Standards Australia, in 1995, issued the Regulations for the Issuance of Environmental Quality and Emission Standards in accordance with the provisions of Articles 32 and 40 of Law 19.300, on General Bases for the Environment of 1994. The Regulations establish the procedure for The establishment of environmental quality standards, considering at least the following stages: technical and economic analysis, development of scientific studies, consultation of competent bodies, public and private, analysis of observations made and adequate publicity. This standard also establishes the deadlines and formalities for compliance required and the criteria for reviewing the current standards. Under the above context, the available environmental standards are organized as follows: Primary Environmental Quality Standard: They are those that establish the standards or values of concentrations and maximum periods and m Definitions of Establishment General Environmental Legislation: Establishes the general framework of environmental legislation, in Australia, is Law No. 19,300 on General Bases of the Environment, which establishes the country's environmental institutions; Environmental management tools, (Environmental Impact Assessment System, Citizen Participation and the Procedure for the Dictation of Environmental Standards, etc.), as well as the framework within which new environmental legal provisions must be dictated and reviewed. Specific Environmental Legislation: there is a specific set of environmental legislation of a which establish specific requirements or requirements, generally aimed at preserving or preserving quality aspects of the environmental element and / or Establish emission requirements. Other Environmental Regulations: There are requirements that although they are part of the Regulatory Framework applicable to a project, have no legal status. These types of requirements constitute voluntary commitments or obligations assumed by Ministries and their service companies, which are derived mainly from environmental policies, good practices or technical standards, which have been established through manuals, procedures or instructions originating in the respective Ministry or In other State institutions or international organizations. Also included in this group are technical or environmental specifications belonging to national or international financing bodies contained in the contractual commitments linked to the projects. Sources of Environmental Legal Information: Information sources on environmental legislation can be found on the websites of the institutions listed below, which are regularly updated. As a product of the previous stages (situation analysis and thematic profiles), a set of needs and capacities common to the three Rio Conventions were identified, at the systemic level, ie within the framework of general policy frameworks, norms and responsibilities in Which operate the legal and natural persons, determining the need to strengthen national environmental policies and legislation, decentralize the management and execution of environmental projects, and improve levels of intra-institutional, inter-institutional and intersectoral coordination, among others. At the individual level, capacity needs were focused on training human resources, improving the level of education and environmental awareness of the population and mining problems in Australia. I am convinced that companies more part of the problem are part of the solution. Generally speaking, companies rather than governments and civil society, are better prepared to be catalysts for innovation and transformation towards a sustainable world 3. We consider that the consequences of the operations of transnational corporations can be summarized in five fundamental dimensions (economic, political, social, environmental and cultural), which in turn are derived from another Series of impacts (labor, fiscal, gender, etc Tully, 2012). This Working Paper addresses the issue of direct taxation at the international level, with a particular development of all those issues, which, within the tax and fiscal knowledge, affect the new situation in which the full integration in the European Economic Community. The need to orient the strategies in which the new European companies move, such as the special impact that direct taxation has on the neutral decisions of investment and financing, has moved the authors to carry out this work, In which it is intended to establish, in a theoretical way, what should be the fiscal principles on which a structure of corporate taxation should rest in the various countries that make up the Community. The reality of the country's mining infrastructure is that it has had more stumbling blocks than the President of the Republic, Juan Manuel Santos, estimated at the beginning of his term, when he assured that the mining-energy locomotive would remain 'at full steam, A situation that has not been fully addressed for different reasons, such as illegal mining, infrastructure attacks and the lack of more roadways, more modern ports and an expansion of the pipeline network. The Peaceful Alliance And in this struggle to achieve international standards in the field of crude oil, the country is achieving some of the goals it had set itself, such as the sustained production of more than 1 million barrels a day of oil, thanks to foreign investment. Alternative Energy The outlook for Colombia is encouraging in terms of clean and sustainable energy and an example of this is that most of the electricity Characterizing socio-ecological impacts of multinationals Faced with the increase in poverty and inequalities worldwide and the growing social rejection they have been generating, large corporations are aiming to build a story that cannot be questioned about their centrality in the global economy: "I am convinced that the most That part of the problem is part of the solution. In general terms, companies, rather than governments and civil society, are better prepared to be catalysts for innovation and transformation towards a sustainable world, " Thus, in order to increase their social legitimacy and position themselves as an essential actor to "get out of the crisis", they present theories with objectivity and neutrality that aim to demonstrate the positive impacts of their activities on aspects such as technology transfer, The provision of public and private goods, increased employment, women's access to the labor market and the promotion of investment as a driving force for development . Faced with this, different centers of study, non- governmental organizations and social movements - as well as certain sectors of academia that still resist accepting the logic of excellence and the obligatory transfer of knowledge from the university to the company - have come Performing a work of documentation and systematization on the consequences of the global expansion of transnational corporations within the framework of the current socioeconomic model First, transnational corporations have not contributed to an improvement in the quantity and quality of employment, nor in the provision of the services they offer, have practically no investments in maintenance, have hardly favored technological transfer processes and, Permanent Court of the People When it comes to advancing both the denunciation of abuses committed by transnational corporations and the processes of mobilization and resistance that allow the construction of alternatives to the domination of large corporations, one of the most interesting experiences is that in recent years , Has been articulated around the Permanent Peoples' Tribunal (TPP). And the different sessions of this court of opinion that have been dedicated to judge the impacts of the presence of the multinational companies in Australia have contributed to foment the investigation and systematization of the negative effects produced by these companies. Through the dynamics of struggle and resistance that are expressed in the realization Resisting against the power of large corporations The theoretical framework just described, which includes the main impacts caused by multinational companies, allows us to visualize the line of continuity that can be traced between the power of large corporations in the economic, political, social, environmental and Cultural and the impacts that they generate in these same dimensions. In other words, the negative effects of the presence of transnational corporations around the world are not merely negative consequences of bad practices, but the necessary conditions to sustain and increase their power at all levels. In this context, the struggles and social mobilizations faced by large corporations, users, consumers, trade unionists, feminists, ecologists, indigenous peoples, activists and, in particular, those most affected by Business impacts play a central role in the claims that point to the responsibility of multinational companies in a socioeconomic model that globalizes povert y and inequality. In this way, campaigns, resistances and mobilizations against the largest transnationals operating in sectors such as, mining, agriculture, finance, electricity and water have multiplied throughout the world, In many of these campaigns a strong social mobilization component is present, since on the basis of them they have connected and articulated popular struggles that find in the transnational companies one of their main antagonists when defining new models of economy and development. References Blackstone, W. and Morrison, W. (2001).Commentaries on the laws of England. London: Cavendish Pub.Branch, A. (2013).Elements of port operation and management. New York: Chapman and Hall. Exploring. (2003). 1st ed. Canberra: The Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia. Feldstein, M., Hines, J. and Hubbard, R. (2007).The Effects of Taxation on Multinational Corporations. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. Karas, G. (2005).On earth. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons. Marti?nez Lucio, M. (2014).International human resource management. London [u.a.]: Sage. Mujih, E. (2016).Regulating multinationals in developing countries. London: Routledge. Park, L. and Banyai, I. (2007).Tap dancing on the roof. New York: Clarion Books. Rugman, A. and Eden, L. (n.d.).Multinationals and transfer pricing. Strauss, R. and Woods, R. (2007).One well. Toronto: Kids Can Press. Tully, S. (2012).International corporate legal responsibility. Alphen aan den Rijn: Wolters Kluwer Law et Business.